Help me prepare a speech on juvenile justice reform. You must use Monroes Motivated Sequence and the Persuasive Outline guide posted online to develop your ideas. There should be a clear introduction, transitions and conclusion in the speech. The conclusion should include a specific request of tangible action from the audience to complete the motivated sequence.Reforming Our Expectations About Juvenile Justice. By: Rodriguez, Pamela F.; Baille, Daphne M. Reclaiming Children & Youth. Summer 2010, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p43-46. 4pA Blueprint for Juvenile Justice Reform – Youth Transition Funders www.ytfg.org/…/Platform_Juvenile_Justice.pdfJUVENILE JUSTICE REFORM 2.0. By: Birckhead, Tamar R. Journal of Law & Policy. 2011, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p15-621.Attention: The Juvenile Justice System in America is broken and needs to be fixed. This is YOUR problem as well as mine because ineffective and unequal juvenile justice policies result in future adults who will become criminals and a part of a broken adult prison system. Your neighborhoods, schools, and communities are affected by this problem as well as mine. This is an issue that will not go away because juveniles become adults, and if they do not receive the proper treatment as juveniles, they will have a high probability of becoming integrated into the adult penal system. 2.Need: Let me EXPLAIN the problem.The problem facing juvenile justice in America is predicated upon several issues with racial inequality being the most pressing. Juveniles from minority backgrounds are more likely to be placed in juvenile detention, be arrested, and implemented into the juvenile justice system formally. This formal implementation that is unequally distributed by race wherein whites are informally dealt with as juveniles and minorities are treated as criminals has terrible consequences for society.Currently juvenile justice does not represent the reality in America. The majority of juveniles commit the same status offenses and delinquent offenses that are minor in nature. Many of these offenses are only criminal because of the age of the offender. Research has consistently proven that juveniles from all ethnic backgrounds commit similar rates of delinquency yet the majority of juveniles who are in formally inducted into the juvenile justice system are minority. Over 100,000 juveniles are arrested, detained, and sentenced under the juvenile courts each year, and the disproportionate majority of these juveniles are minorities. To add insult to injury, many of these juvenile offenders are housed in adult-style prison facilities while awaiting trial on such nonviolent offenses as truancy, running away from home, or nonviolent property crimes. Drug offenses are also common. These offenders who are detained are often Black while white juveniles are informally cited and allowed to return home with their parents without entering the juvenile justice system. This has created a two-tier system that doesnt enable justice and equality to represent juvenile justice. The system promulgates inequality and facilitates the continuance of generational poverty pandemic in inner-city neighborhoods. Two-thirds of youths incarcerated are of color with new zero tolerance policies passed during the 2000s resulting in a destabilizing trend of placing many minority juveniles into the juvenile system upon referral from schools. Minority children as young as 5 years of age are being punished severely by being expelled, suspended, and most disturbingly referrals to law enforcement and the juvenile justice system for offenses that all children engage in. Students who are disproportionately minority are being implemented into the juvenile justice system for brining nail clippers to school, making threats, truancy, tardiness, and overbroad categories that are vague and have heavily contributed to the racial inequalities within the juvenile justice system. Insubordination has been included into the juvenile justice verbatim for justifying law enforcement to become involved with children at school, which could entail showing disrespect or any minor offense that a child engages in routinely. The most pressing issue is that minority youths are suffering the brunt of these policies and becoming traumatized at a young age before they have a chance to grow. Labeling theory is a theory that posits that juveniles who are labeled as criminals by being formally implemented into the juvenile justice system begin to accept this label and act accordingly. Therefore, if a minority child who breaks curfew is formally detained, held in detention, and brought before a judge he or she will have a higher probability of actually becoming a criminal because of the label placed upon them by the juvenile justice system.3. Satisfaction: But, I have a SOLUTION!My solution for a new approach toward juvenile justice entails reducing institutionalization for ALL juveniles regardless of their race or ethnicity. Because the majority of juvenile crime is minor and nonviolent, youths should be given diversionary and treatment programs that steer them away from incarceration and prison. The current system steers youths, minorities in particular, towards prison because of its unequal and formal implementation into the criminal justice system for minor crimes. The juvenile justice system must transition away from punitive policies and practices by developing educational reforms that seek to rehabilitate youthful offenders by giving them the necessary tools to succeed. Community-based programs that entail family preservation, restitution, and community service as well as recreational centers that give students an alternative to committing petty offenses or statutory offenses will be created. This solution represents the state looking out for the best interests of the child, which is the purpose of juvenile justice.4. Visualization: If we IMPLEMENT my solution, this is what will happen. Or, if we dont implement my solution, this is what will happen.If we IMPLEMENT my solution then more youths will be held accountable for their actions while recidivism will be reduced. Children from minority backgrounds will have a lower rate of incarceration as adults and equality will be the norm in the juvenile justice system. Money will be saved for the community and state as costs are extremely lower for community-based programs than for prison. Appropriating money toward less expensive community based interventions instead of juvenile incarceration facilities will ensure that YOUR tax dollars are spent on other necessary issues within the community while also assisting children by removing them from the criminal justice system.If my plan is not implemented, the rates of juveniles becoming formally implemented into the juvenile justice system will continue to rise exponentially. In addition, the inequality that is rampant will become worse and result in greater despair and socioeconomic inequalities within society. Minority children who are labeled as criminals as youth because of their formal implementation into the juvenile justice system for the same offenses that their white counterparts are informally released and not implemented for, will have a far higher probability of becoming adult offenders. These adult offenders will possibly be committing actual crimes as opposed to the status offenses committed as juveniles, and these crimes could occur in YOUR neighborhood. In addition, the costs for housing these formally juvenile offenders as adult offenders will represent millions of dollars of your tax money that must pay for these services. The detention and incarceration of youths must be the last option in the 21st century as opposed to the first or second option. 5. Action: You can help me in this specific way. Can you help meTo achieve my objectives and goals its imperative that YOU assist me as community involvement is a necessity for the plan to become successful. Community members who are adults must participate and monitor the success of juveniles who are given probation, assigned community service, and ordered to engage in restorative justice. These forms of alternative punishment that steer children away from harsher sentences currently being issued, such as prison and detention, can only be effective if the community actively is engaged in the process. Therefore, I need business leaders in the community to offer support and/or their facilities for recreational centers, I need volunteers to volunteer to mentor these youths as a form of their restorative justice, and I need everyone in the community to lobby for change in the juvenile justice system. Make sure you inform your legislative, judicial, and law enforcement members that it is no longer acceptable to lockup juveniles and implement them into the criminal justice system for minor offenses because this will label them. Speak out, participate, and above all ensure that you take action to help me, help you solve a problem that is plaguing us all.
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