I need an example of a specific disability of a mental retardation (MR) student and explain how assistive technology supports a student with MRHigh Incidence Disabilities
need an example of a specific disability of a mental retardation student and how can Assistive Technology support a mental retardation student.MR (ID)
Mental Retardation (Intellectual Disability)Definition: Significantly below-average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficit in adaptive behavior, and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a childs educational performance. Intellectual disability has deficits in cognitive ability and adaptive behaviors are not primarily caused by visual or auditory deficits, motor deficits, emotional disability, learning disability, or environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.Characteristics: A student with Mental Retardation will meet ALL the following:• Look different from peers of the same age group
• Need services at a pervasive level, typically throughout their life
• Likely to have a compound of disabilities, mainly in mobility and communication areas
• Wheelchair bound and/or use alternate forms of communicationSpecific Disability Examples are all of the following:Williams Syndrome:
• WS is the absence of material on the 7th pair of chromosomes.
• The IQ of WS generally range from 40 – 70
Fragile X Syndrome:
• Fragile X is the inherited cause of Mental Retardation. The bottom of the X chromosome on the 23rd pair is pinched off.
Prader Willi Syndrome:
• PWS is the lack of genetic material on the 15th pair chromosomes.
Post Traumatic Brain Injury
• Post-BirthHow do people with intellectual disabilities use technology?1. Communication. For individuals who cannot communicate with their voices technology can help them communicate. Augmentative and alternative communication (ACC) may involve technology ranging from low-tech message boards to computerized voice output communication aids and synthesized speech.
2. Mobility. Simple to sophisticated computer controlled wheelchairs and mobility aids are available. Technology may be used to aid direction-finding, guiding users to destinations. Computer cueing systems and robots have also been used to guide users with intellectual disabilities.
3. Environmental control. Assistive technology can help people with severe or multiple disabilities to control electrical appliances, audio/video equipment such as home entertainment systems or to do something as basic as lock and unlock doors.
4. Activities of daily living. Technology is assisting people with disabilities to successfully complete everyday tasks of self-care. Examples include:
• Automated and computerized dining devices allow an individual who needs assistance at mealtime to eat more independently.
• Audio prompting devices may be used to assist a person with memory difficulties to complete a task or to follow a certain sequence of steps from start to finish in such activities as making a bed or taking medication.
• Video-based instructional materials can help people learn functional life skills such as grocery shopping, writing a check, paying the bills or using the ATM machine.
5. Education. Technology is used in education to aid communication, support activities of daily living and to enhance learning. Computer-assisted instruction can help in many areas, including word recognition, math, spelling and even social skills. Computers have also been found to promote interaction with non-disabled peers.
6. Employment. Technology, such as video-assisted training, is being used for job training.For more information see source: Web Site: www.thearc.org E-mail: [email address removed by system]Happy Writings!
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