Hi, you recently helped me with the proposal for the essay. Now I need your help with the research essay part. I’m attaching the question as a pdf and Part 1( Essay Proposal) as a reference which was done by you last month. You only need to do the Part 2 in the attached pdf question file.
Hi, you recently helped me with the proposal for the essay. Now I need your help with the research essay part. I’m attaching the question as a pdf and Part 1( Essay Proposal) as a reference which was
Dr. E mma Alexander 1 HIST 1013/3 -001 WORLD S OF ASIA & AFRICA SINCE 1750 RESEARCH ESSAY WORTH 35 % OF FINAL GRADE Essay Proposal & Annotated Bibliography – Due February 10 , 20 22 — 10 % Re search Essay – Due March 3, 202 2 – 20% Resubmission of Re search Essay – Due April 8, 202 2 — 5% In your essay you will tell the story of a transnational individual who lived between 1750 and 202 2, illustrating the way in which she or he shaped or was shaped by transnational processes (e.g., slavery, colonialism, capitalism, militarism, mi gration) or movements of ideas (e.g., socialism, democracy, anarchism, communism, nationalism, fascism, feminism, racism). The broader question to answer in this biography is this: What made this person transnational? In what ways were her or his life and her experiences shaped by more than just her/his own nation? How did she or he influence people in different places, regions, and countries? These are general questions to guide you in your research. As you learn more about the person you’ve chosen you ask those questions as you read. Then, having learnt more about their life you think about how to frame your own question about their transnationality. It will be differen t for every individual. In your essay you formulate the question you are asking, and then in your essay you try to answer your own question. The topic should fit within the parameters of the course and not be something that you have worked on before in a nother course. PART 1: Proposal and Annotated Bibliography This assignment requires you to submit a bri ef ( 350 word ) statement of your topic and line of argument along with a preliminary bibliography. This will be returned to you quickly after submission with comments and suggestions as to how to go forward with your chosen topic. Dr. E mma Alexander 2 In your statement I expect a general statement of your research question and an explanation of how you plan to tackle the question. You are not writing the essay, you are startin g to think about your approach to it. Please submit a working bibliography of a MINIMUM of FIVE (5) SOURCES that includes all the peer -reviewed books or scholarly articles you have identified so far as being potentially useful in answering your research qu estion . Do NOT cite book reviews. The annotation of the bibliography – is a sentence beside each item in the bibliography that explains why it is useful for your research. (See Nexus for an example of an annotated bibliography). Your bibliography MUST be in alphabetical order or it is not a bibliography. Use Proposal Checklist (see Nexus). If the checklist is NOT used, the paper wi ll automatically lose 10% of the grade for the proposal. To submit the checklist fill it out, take a photo with your phone or scan it, and upload it with the essay. PART 2: Research Essay Use Essay Checklist (see Nexus). If the checklist is NOT used, the paper will automa tically lose 10% of the grade for the essay. For tips on essay writing refer to Jules Benjamin Chapters 9 & 10 particularly, and ask me for help in office hours if you get stuck with research, with constructing your argument, or with structuring your essay. PART 3: Re -submission of Essay After you have received the graded research essay back from me you are REQUIRED to resubmit it, revised according to my suggestions and comments and your own re -thinking of the essay. Your overall final grade is dependent on your resubmission , you risk losing 25% of your overall grade in the course if you fail to complete your essay re -submission. RESEARCH PROCESS 1. Start early!! Pick a person from the list on pages 4 -5. Google them! But we should only use google for discovery, not for actual research. Dr. E mma Alexander 3 2. Get reading! Non -peer -reviewed sources can be useful, even if you cannot cite them. Use Wikipedia to get oriented to a topic and discover what the controversies and debates are. Wikipedia often has a bibliography at the end of the article. (You may use encyclopedias to look things up, b ut NO ENCYCLOPEDIAS of ANY KIND to be cited in your final bibliography) . 3. Start your research using the UW catalogue, the UW Library databases, Google Scholar ONCE only once logged into the UW Library . Build Your Preliminary Bibliography . Look for articles from JSTOR , Historical Abstracts , Project Muse , EBSCO Academic Search Premier , Sage , Taylor & Francis and Cambridge Journals . Find at least FIVE (5) sources in total, either books or articles . 4. START with the most recent material Newer books and articles will have the most up -to-date bibliographies. Look at the footnotes, and find these items. Reading more recent works you can drop some of the older items. Only rarely cite items published before 1980 . 5. START with essays and articles Articles are a lot easier to digest than books. You will more easily get into the material and understand the subject by reading three focused articles on the subject than one book. 6. Use Book Reviews Once you have books on your list check the UW library d atabases for book reviews. Reviews will help you understand what the book cont ributes to the wider debates you are examining . If you find a review useful, look to see what else that reviewer has written. 7. What about Primary Sources? The purpose of your research paper is to build an argument based on a critical examination of secondary source materials, to understand what other historians have said about a subject. You are providing a critical analysis of a historical problem based on your reading of the work of other scholars. Primary sources may help you gain insi ght, but may also distract you . 8. Work up a Research Question: What problem are you trying to solve ? Af ter reviewing your notes or after reading decide what the question is. Fr om this question develop a working thesis. Modify both your thesis and your research question as your research carries you in new directions. Dr. E mma Alexander 4 9. Ask for help: I strongly encourage you to meet with me in the course of preparing this paper. I will have suggestions for bibliography, help you locate sources, refine an argument, help with writing or just talk through the process. I will answer short questions by emai l, but it is better to come to office hours on zoom or arrange a separate zoom meeting using the Calendly app to meet with me if you want to discuss your work in progress. 10. Technical stuff: Your essay should be approximately 1500 words in length, NOT includ ing your bibliography, and endnotes or footnotes. Your paper should be double -spaced, standard typeface, with standard margins. NUMBER the pages of your paper and include a title page with your name, my name, the course number and the title of y our paper. NO enclyclopedias to be referenced in your bibliography or notes. Upload your paper to the NEXUS Assessments – Assignment Folder. Make sure you have a back -up. Conform to these conventions: a) Use endnotes or footnotes, DO NOT use in-text parenthetical (th ese are references in brackets in the text) . Your notes and bibliography should be in Chicago style. b) Include a bibliography listing all the works used and cited in your paper. If a work is not cited in a foot/endnote, it does NOT belong in your bibliogr aphy. CHARACTERS TO CHOOSE FROM: Margaret Ekpo (Nigeria) Blaise Diagne (Senegal) Sarah Forbes Bonetta (Nigeria) Jin Xing (China) Yu Gwansun (Korea) Jiang Qing (China) Constance Cummings‐John (Sierra Leone ) Kuroda Kiyotaka (Japan) Rabindranath Tagore (India) Yamakawa Kikue (Japan) Tadamichi Kuribayashi (Japan) Misako Enoki (Japan) Dr. E mma Alexander 5 Mohammad -Reza Shah Pahlavi (Iran) Soong Ching -ling (China) or Song Qing Ling Sayyid Ruhollah Khomeini (Iran) Ci Xi (China) Golda Meir (Israel) Mohammad Zahir Shah (Afghanistan) David Ben -Gurion (Israel) Dost Mohammad Khan (Afghanistan) Reza Shah (Iran) Ahmad Shah Durrani (Afghanistan) Sultan Abdul Hamid II (Ottoman Empire) Selim III (Ottoman Empire) Ruth Habwe (Kenya) Hannah Benka -Coker (Sierra Leone) Embet Ilen (Eritrea) Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Liberia) Ruth Sando Fahnbulleh Perry (Liberia) Elizabeth Domitien (Central African Republic) Taytu Betul (Ethiopia) Jawaharlal Nehru (India) Chiang Kai Shek (China) Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (Turkey) Mao Zedong (China) Casaria Evora (Cape Verde) Samuel Ajayi Crowther (Nigeria) Chinua Achebe (Nigeria) Wangari Maathai (Kenya) Miriam Makeba (South Africa) Nelson Mandela (South Africa) Desmond Tutu (South Africa) Gamal Abdel Nasser (Egypt) Huda Shaarawi (Egypt) Leopold Sedar Senghor (Senegal) Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana) Gisele Rabesahala (Madagascar) Olayinka Herbert Samuel Heelas Badmus Macaulay (Nigeria) Yaa Asantewaa (Ghana) Patrice Lumumba (Congo) Mobutu Sese Seko (Congo) Jomo Kenyatta (Kenya) Ahmed Sekou Toure (Guinea) Julius Nyerere (Tanzania) Dr. E mma Alexander 6 Nana Asma’u bint Uthman dan Fodiyo (Nigeria) Fatima Jinnah (Pakistan) Florence Onyebuchi Emecheta (Buchi Emecheta) (Nigeria) Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan) Ama Ata Aidoo (Ghana) Funmilayo Ransome‐Kuti (Funmilayo Anikulapo‐ Kuti ) (Nigeria) If you wish to choose your own character please do so, find someone who is transnational and whose life deals with one or more processes or ideas. – Slavery (e.g., slavery, colonialism, capitalism, militarism, migration) or movements of ideas (e.g., socialism, democracy, anarchism, communism, nationalism, fascism, feminism, racism). – Migration of peoples: compare voluntary and forced migrations, mi grations in different periods, international or internal migrations, and their effects. e.g. slave tr ade, indentured labour/service. – Merchants and traders as migrants, transmitting ideas, living cosmopolitan lifestyles. e.g. traders across Atlantic, Indi an, Pacific, Arctic Oceans. Why were merchants and traders so important in, fo r example, transmitting ideas? – Development of Rights: Cons titutions, Charters. Who championed certain rights? Rights of workers, rights to vote, women’s rights, rights to land, environmental rights. Why? – Independence Movem ents e.g. India, Ghana, Indonesia. Why did colonized peoples struggle for indep endence from colonial masters? Who led them? – Sports – develop ment of different sports and their impacts, establishment of Olympic movement. Why is soccer f ollowed and played in Africa? Cricket in South Asia? Is this a legacy of colonialism?
Hi, you recently helped me with the proposal for the essay. Now I need your help with the research essay part. I’m attaching the question as a pdf and Part 1( Essay Proposal) as a reference which was
HIST -1013/3 -001 Worlds of Asia & Africa Since 175 0 Dr. Emma Alexander 1 Research Essay Checklist 1) How many peer -reviewed sources do you have in your bibliography? [T here should be at least 5 ] __ __ ___ 2) Have you made all the correctio ns that were suggested in the gradi ng of yo ur essa y pro posal and annotated bibliograp hy ? YES / NO 3) Does your paper have footnotes? YES / NO [It must!] 4) Did you provide a footnote for every ‘new’ fact mentioned in your essay? YES / NO 5) Did you provide a footnote for every quotation in your essay? YES / NO 6) Are your referenc es/footnotes/citations in the prope r f ormat? Use Chicago Style. http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.html https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/0 1/ NO in -text parenthetical references (that means references in brackets)! 7) Are the first footnotes full citations? YES / NO Example of a journal article : Jen Dickinson, “Decolonising the diaspora: neo -colonial performances of Indian history in East Africa”, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers , 37, no.4 (October 2012): 610. NOTE how journal title is in italics – and the article title is in inverted commas. Check you have the article title, journal title, the volume number, the issue number, t he date and the EXACT page number. Check name is FIRST name last name for FOOTNOTES. Example of a book : Brinsley Samaroo and David Dabydeen (eds.), India in the Caribbean (London: Hansib Publishing, 1987), 50. NOTE for the book the book title is in itali cs. Check that you have the place of publication (a city, not a country), the publisher and the date of publication and the EXACT page number. Check name is FIRST name last name for FOOTNOTES. 8) Have you used ibid in your footnotes? DON’ T!! Replace ALL inst ances of ibid by abbreviating footnotes after the first time you cite an author. Abbreviation: Dickinson, “Decolonising the diaspora”, 612. Or, Samaroo and Dabydeen, India in the Caribbean , 55. HIST -1013/3 -001 Worlds of Asia & Africa Since 175 0 Dr. Emma Alexander 2 9) Your paper does NOT need to have a separate cover page , but the first page should have your name, student number, course number (see above) , the instructor’s full name, title of your paper and the date submitted. Are all those details YES / NO 10) Does your paper have a descriptive title? YES / NO 11) Does your paper have page numbers? YES / NO 12) Is your paper double -spaced? YES / NO [make sure it is] 13) For your bibliography , are all your items in ALPHABETICAL order? YES/NO 14) Save your essay in Word format, NOT as a PDF . BIBLIOGRAPHY should be o rder ed by family name/surname. Example of bibliography entry for a journal article: Dickinson, Jen, “Decolonising the diaspora: neo -colonial performances of Indian history in East Africa”, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers , 37, no.4 (October 2012): 609 -623 . Make sure you include the full page range of the article. Exam ple of bibliography entry for a book: Samaroo, Brinsley and David Dabydeen (eds.), India in the Caribbean (London: Hansib Publishing, 1987). Include all publishing information, BUT NO PAGE NUMBERS! 15) Have you uploaded your essay to Assignments on Nexus under the ‘Assessments’ Tab? YES /NO 16) Have you kept an ele ctronic back up copy of your paper and the notes you made for the essay and earlier drafts of the essay? YES / NO I, ____________________________________________certify that I have not copied any section of any book or article or abstract without providing a f ootnote reference in my attached paper and that in producing this paper I hav e not passed off an other person ’s work as my own work. Signed, ________________ ________________________ ____ ____ March 202 2 TYPE FULL NAME ___________________________________________
Hi, you recently helped me with the proposal for the essay. Now I need your help with the research essay part. I’m attaching the question as a pdf and Part 1( Essay Proposal) as a reference which was
5 Proposal and Annotated Bibliography Name: Student No.: 3137680 Course: HIST-1013-001 Proposal The transnational individual chosen for the article is Kwame Nkrumah, the first president of Ghana. Nkrumah’s narrative is unique in that he was a prominent individual in the twentieth century who was confronted with colonization in Africa. He was successful in leading Ghana to independence from the British in 1957, establishing Ghana as the first sub-Saharan country to achieve freedom. Prior to independence, Nkrumah was a political supporter of the country’s independence. However, he was more than a politician because he made significant contributions to African political thought, particularly Pan-Africanism, a movement that advocates solidarity amongst peoples of African origin. The fight against colonialism is the primary focus of this article. However, the study topic is “what was Kwame Nkrumah’s contribution to the struggle against colonialism?” On the other hand, “what was Kwame Nkrumah’s contribution to the struggle against colonialism?” As the leader of the first independent country in Sub-Saharan Africa, Kwame Nkrumah played an important role in the struggle for independence throughout the African continent. His life’s experiences and accomplishments also made significant contributions to African political theory and ideas. The importance of European philosophy in Africa, even after independence, was also stressed, as was the influence of former colonists through neo-colonialism. I want to approach the research question by first researching Kwame Nkrumah’s background in order to gain a better understanding of his life, experiences, and accomplishments. Following that, it will be critical to investigate his political theory and identify influences, particularly those originating from Eurocentric intellectual circles. It is also vital to look at contemporary conceptions of Kwame Nkrumah in order to understand how the world sees and remembers him, particularly from the perspective of African Americans. Notably, reading and analyzing research materials on Kwame Nkrumah will aid in conceptualizing the unique contributions he made to the African continent and his own country. Annotated Bibliography Aggarwal, Anju. “Politico-cultural Philosophy of Kwame Nkrumah.” In Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy, vol. 32, pp. 3-7. 2018. The article attempts to analyze the political philosophy of Kwame Nkrumah. The article argues that Nkrumah advocated for a socialist system with African values and European political culture elements. Emiljanowicz, Paul. “Tensions, Ambiguities, and Connectivity in Kwame Nkrumah: Rethinking the “National” in Postcolonial Nationalism.” Interventions 21, no. 5 (2019): 615-634. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369801x.2019.1585920 The article argues that Nkrumah is a decolonial theorist whose vision was not only the national concerning Ghana. Instead, his vision also consisted of transnational elements of solidarity and struggle. Emiljanowicz, Paul. “From Karl Marx to Kwame Nkrumah: Towards a decolonial political economy.” In Marxism and Decolonization in the 21st Century, pp. 68-88. Routledge, 2021. The value of the article is that it asserts that Nkrumah focused on the colonial experience of Africa, thus separating Eurocentric ideas from definitions of class and solidarity. The article points out that Nkrumah used colonization and neo-colonialism as experiences to develop Pan-Africanism. Getachew, Adom. “Kwame Nkrumah and the quest for independence.” Dissent 66, no. 3 (2019): 33-40. https://doi.org/10.1353/dss.2019.0050 Provides insight that Ghana gaining independence marked the beginning of nation-states. Nkrumah declaring that independence is the birth of a new Africa is evident of the shift. Uimonen, Paula. “Decolonising cosmopolitanism: An anthropological reading of Immanuel Kant and Kwame Nkrumah on the world as one.” Critique of Anthropology 40, no. 1 (2020): 81-101. https://doi.org/10.1177/0308275×19840412 Reveals that Nkrumah emphasized liberty and equality for everyone; he decolonized cosmopolitanism. It is a more egalitarian and inclusive view of the world than European philosophers.




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