Hello I have a Thesis and draft outline to complete. My chosen topic is ‘”Gender Dynamic”. All Primary sources must be used and secondary sources are NOT allowed. The book is called “The American Yawp”.Gender dynamic plays a huge part in expected roles while the relationship and interactions between men and women was very selective. Men and women expected roles affected colonization and settlement in the Americas. I provided the book link, the instructions on the outline draft, and 5 pdf on 5 primary sources that can be used. BOOK:https://oh-cr-materials-01.s3.amazonaws.com/hist_1151_american_yawp_vol1/index.html#/reader
Hello I have a Thesis and draft outline to complete. My chosen topic is ‘”Gender Dynamic”. All Primary sources must be used and secondary sources are NOT allowed. The book is called “The American Yawp
Creating an Essay Outline – Sample Template I. Instructions for outline a. Carefully review instructions before and after you read your chosen primary sources for the assignment b. Develop a thesis statement to compare and contrast your sources i. Consider the question: “What are the conclusions I can draw from these sources? What is the most important overall point I want to convey to my reader?” ii. Start simple and basic, you can always go back and polish it up… iii. A thesis should be an ARGUMENTATIVE statement, not just a DESCRIPTIVE statement 1. Descriptive statement : “In Common Sense , Thomas Paine presents his views on why the American colonists should break with Great Britain.” – provides a basic overview of a source, but does not include YOUR conclusions/argument 2. A rgumentative statement : “In Common Sense , Thomas Paine uses plain language and Enlightenment ideals of natural rights to explain why American colonists should break with Great Britain, and that is why this pamphlet was so influential.” – conveys YOUR concl usions/argument as well as a basic overview of the source c. Make a list of the sections you will include in your paper i. Start with the questions in your chosen option ii. Create a separate section for each point you will discuss in your paper iii. Use bullet points “sketch out” your argument – it helps to underline or highlight your main thesis points, to make sure you are giving each of them appropriate attention 1. Include the details and examples from the documents (with proper citations) you will use to suppo rt your arguments, and double – check your quotes for accuracy d. When you have finished, you will have a useful “rough draft” for your paper – if your outline includes enough detail you can write directly from the outline e. A good rule of thumb is: 1 page of outline = 2 essay pages i. So, for a 6 – 8 page paper, your outline should be around 3 – 4 pages like this one (single – spaced, with bullet points)
Hello I have a Thesis and draft outline to complete. My chosen topic is ‘”Gender Dynamic”. All Primary sources must be used and secondary sources are NOT allowed. The book is called “The American Yawp
Unit 8. Harriet H. Robinson Remembers a Mill Workers’ Strike, 1836 The social upheavals of the Market Revolution created new tensions between rich and poor, particularly between the new class of workers and the new class of managers. Lowell, Massachusetts was the location of the first American f actory. In this document, a woman reminisces about a strike that she participated in at a Lowell textile mill. One of the first strikes of cotton – factory operatives that ever took place in this country was that in Lowell, in October, 1836. When it was a nnounced that the wages were to be cut down, great indignation was felt, and it was decided to strike, en masse. This was done. The mills were shut down, and the girls went in procession from their several corporations to the “grove” on Chapel Hill, and li stened to “incendiary” speeches from early labor reformers. One of the girls stood on a pump, and gave vent to the feelings of her companions in a neat speech, declaring that it was their duty to resist all attempts at cutting down the wages. This was the first time a woman had spoken in public in Lowell, and the event caused surprise and consternation among her audience. Cutting down the wages was not their only grievance, nor the only cause of this strike. Hitherto the corporations had paid twenty — five ce nts a week towards the board of each operative, and now it was their purpose to have the girls pay the sum; and this, in addition to the cut in the wages, would make a difference of at least one dollar a week. It was estimated that as many as twelve or fif teen hundred girls turned out, and walked in procession through the streets. They had neither flags nor music, but sang songs, a favorite (but rather inappropriate) one being a parody on “I won’t be a nun. ” “Oh! isn’t it a pity, such a pretty girl as I – S hould be sent to the factory to pine away and die? Oh ! I cannot be a slave, I will not be a slave, For I’m so fond of liberty That I cannot be a slave.” My own recollection of this first strike (or “turn out” as it was called) is very vivid. I worked in a lower room, where I had heard the proposed strike fully, if not vehemently, discussed; I had been an ardent listener to what was said against this attempt at “oppression” on the part of the corporation, and naturally I took sides with the strikers. When t he day came on which the girls were to turn out, those in the upper rooms started first, and so many of them left that our mill was at once shut down. Then, when the girls in my room stood irresolute, uncertain what to do, asking each other, “Would you? ” or “Shall we turn out?” and not one of them having the courage to lead off, I, who began to think they would not go out, after all their talk, became impatient, and started on ahead, saying, with childish bravado, “I don’t care what you do, I am going to t urn out, whether any one else does or not;‘’ and I marched out, and was followed by the others. As I looked back at the long line that followed me, I was more proud than I have ever been since at any success I may have achieved, and more proud than I shall ever be again until my own beloved State gives to its women citizens the right of suffrage. The agent of the corporation where I then worked took some small revenges on the supposed ringleaders; on the principle of sending the weaker to the wall, my mothe r was turned away from her boarding – house, that functionary saying,“Mrs. Hanson, you could not prevent the older girls from turning out, but your daughter is a child, and her you could control.” It is hardly necessary to say that so far as results were con cerned this strike did no good. The dissatisfaction of the operatives subsided, or burned itself out, and though the authorities did not accede to their demands, the majority returned to their work, and the corporation went on cutting down the wages. And a fter a time, as the wages became more and more reduced, the best portion of the girls left and went to their homes, or to the other employments that were fast opening to women, until there were very few of the old guard left. Harriet H. Robinson, Loom an d spindle : or, life among the early mill girls ; with a sketch of “The Lowell Offering” and some of its contributors (New York: 1898), 83 – 86.
Hello I have a Thesis and draft outline to complete. My chosen topic is ‘”Gender Dynamic”. All Primary sources must be used and secondary sources are NOT allowed. The book is called “The American Yawp
Unit 6. Mary Smith Cranch comments on politics, 1786 – 87 In the aftermath of the Revolution, politics became a sport consumed by both men and women. In a series of letters sent to her sister, Mary Smith Cranch comments on a series of political events including the lack of support for diplomats, the circulation o f paper or hard currency, legal reform, tariffs against imported tea tables, Shays rebellion, and the role of women in supporting the nation’s interests. On foreign policy, pending legislation, and women’s political participation I began to write you l ast night but my eyes were so poor that I could not continue it. I am now risen with the sun to thank you for the charming budget you have sent me. Such frequent communications shortens the idea of distance by many miles. I believe there have been letters constantly upon the water for each other ever since you left us. The idea of your returning soon to your dear friends here would be a much more joyful one if this country would suffer you first to do all the good your inclinations lead you too, and what th ey really wish you to do though they put it out of your power to do it. I hope they will come to their senses before winter. The court is adjourned to next January. The House have been disputing half this session whether we should have paper money, any law yers or any court of common pleas. They voted finally, against paper money, sent up to the Senate a curious bill with regards to lawyers and the inferior court. A committee of five from the Senate have it to consider till next term. Mr. Cranch is one of th em. Thus do they spend their time in curtailing tea tables, while they are suffering thousand to be wrested from them for want of giving ampler powers to Congress. It is dreadful to those who see the necessity of different measures to stand by and see such pursued as they fear will ruin their country. Ask no excuse my dear sister for writing politics. It would be such a want of public spirit not to feel interested in the welfare of our country as the wives of ministers and Senators ought to be ashamed off. Let no one say that the ladies are of no importance in the affairs of the nation. Persuade them to renounce all their luxuries and it would be found that they are, and believe me there is not a more effectual way to do it, than to make them acquainted with the causes of the distresses of their country. We do not want spirit. We only want to have it properly directed. “Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams, 10 July 1786,” Founders Online, National Archives. Her frustration with the Massachusetts state legislature May 22, 1786 “Not one word of politics have I written nor shall I have time to do it now. If I had I would tell you what wonderfu l things the House are doing with the lawyers, the court of common pleas, &c, but the newspapers will do it for me. I am thankful there is a Senate as well as a House. What has Congress done? Anything to detain you in Europe. I love my country too well to wish you to return yet, much as I wisht to see you. I did design to write to my dear niece by this vessel but fear I shall not have time. My sincere love and good wishes attend her and hers. Tis very late good night my ever dear Sister and believe me, your s affectionately. “Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams, 22 May 1786,” Founders Online, National Archives. Commenting on Shays’ Rebellion November 26, 1786 There is like to be a great disturbance in Cambridge at the sitting of the Court of Common Pleas this week. There is an express come to the governor to inform him that Shays, one of the heads of t he incendiaries, (it is a many headed beast) is determined to come with eighteen hundred men to stop the court. There will be force sent to oppose them I suppose, and I wish there may not be blood shed. Are we not hastening fast to monarchy, to Anarchy? I am sure we are unless the people discover a better spirit soon. We are concerned for our children I assure you. The college company are wishing to be allowed to march out in defence of government but they will not be permitted. Mr Cranch will go tomorrow a nd take care of them, of our children I mean… “Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams, 26 November 1786,” Founders Online, National Archives . Further thoughts on Shays’ Rebellion February 9, 1787 “If you have received our Letters by Captain Callahan, you will be in some measure prepared for the accounts which Captain Folger will bring you of the rebellion which exists in this state. It had arisen to such a height that it was necessary to oppose it by force of arms. We are always in this country to do things in an extraordinary manner. The militia were called for, but there was not a copper in the treasury to pay them or to support them upon their march. Town meetings were called in many places and promises were made them that if the would enlist, they would pay them and wait till the money could be collected from the public for their pay. And for their pres ent support people contributed as they were able and in this manner in less than a week was collected an army of five thousand men who marched under the command of General Lincoln to Worcester to protect the court. The result you will see in the papers. Th e season has been stormy and severe our army have suffered greatly in some of their marches, especially last Saturday night. Many of them were badly froze, they marched thirty miles without stopping to refresh themselves in order to take Shays and his army by surprise. They took about 150 of them. Shays and a number with him scampered off and have gotten to New Hampshire. Shays and his party are a poor deluded people. They have given much trouble and put us and themselves to much expense and have greatly a dded to the difficulties they complain off. I think you must have been very uneasy about us. Shays has not a small party in Braintree but not many in this parish. They want paper money to cheat with. They called a town meeting about a week since to forbid collection. Thayers attending the general court but they could not get a vote. “Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams, 9 February 1787,” Founders Online, National Archives.
Hello I have a Thesis and draft outline to complete. My chosen topic is ‘”Gender Dynamic”. All Primary sources must be used and secondary sources are NOT allowed. The book is called “The American Yawp
Un i t 3. Recruiting Settlers to Carolina , 1666 Robert Horne’s wanted to entice English settlers to join the new colony of Carolina. According to Horne, natural bounty, economic opportunity, and religious liberty awaited anyone willing to make the journey. Horne wanted to recruit settlers of every social class, from those “of Genteel blood” to those who would have to sign a contract of indentured servitude. First, There is full and free Liberty of Conscience gra nted to all, so that no man is to be molested or called in question for matters of Religious Concern; but every one to be obedient to the Civil Government, worshipping God after their own way. Secondly, There is freedom from Custom, for all Wine, Silk, Rai sins, Currans, Oil, Olives, and Almonds, that shall be raised in the Province for 7. years, after 4 Ton of any of those commodities shall be imported in one Bottom. Thirdly, Every Free – man and Free – woman that transport themselves and Servants by the 25 of March next, being 1667. shall have for Himself, Wife, Children, and Men – servants, for each 100 Acres of Land for him and his Heirs for ever, and for every Woman – servant and Slave 50 Acres, paying at most 1/2 d. per acre, per annum, in lieu of all demands, t o the Lords Proprietors: Provided always, That every Man be armed with a good musket full bore, 10lbs Powder, and 20lbs of Bullet, and six Months Provision for all, to serve them whilst they raise Provision in that Country. Fourthly, Every Man – Servant at t he expiration of their time, is to have of the Country a 100 Acres of Land to him and his heirs for ever, paying only 1/2 d. per Acre, per annum, and the Women 50. Acres of Land on the same conditions; their Masters also are to allow them two Suits of Appar el and Tools such as he is best able to work with, according to the Custom of the Country. Fifthly, They are to have a Governor and Council appointed from among themselves, to see the Laws of the Assembly put in due execution; but the Governor is to rule b ut 3 years, and then learn to obey; also he hath no power to lay any Tax, or make or abrogate any Law, without the Consent of the Colony in their Assembly. Sixthly, They are to choose annually from among themselves, a certain Number of Men, according to th eir divisions, which constitute the General Assembly with the Governor and his Council, and have the sole power of Making Laws, and Laying Taxes for the common good when need shall require. These are the chief and Fundamental privileges, but the Right Hono rable Lords Proprietors have promised (and it is their Interest so to do) to be ready to grant what other Privileges may be found advantageous for the good, of the Colony. Is there therefore any younger Brother who is born of Genteel blood, and whose Spiri t is elevated above the common sort, and yet the hard usage of our Country hath not allowed suitable fortune; he will not surely be afraid to leave his Native Soil to advance his Fortunes equal to his Blood and Spirit, and so he will avoid those unlawful w ays too many of our young Gentlemen take to maintain themselves according to their high education, having but small Estates; here, with a few Servants and a small Stock a great Estate may be raised, although his Birth have not entitled him to any of the La nd of his Ancestors, yet his Industry may supply him so, as to make him the head of as famous a family. Such as are here tormented with much care how to get worth to gain a Livelihood, or that with their labor can hardly get a comfortable subsistence, shal l do well to go to this place, where any man whatever, that is but willing to take moderate pains, may be assured of a most comfortable subsistence, and be in a way to raise his fortunes far beyond what he could ever hope for in England. Let no man be trou bled at the thoughts of being a Servant for 4 or 5 year, for I can assure you, that many men give money with their children to serve 7 years, to take more pains and fare nothing so well as the Servants in this Plantation will do. Then it is to be considere d, that so soon as he is out of his time, he hath Land, and Tools, and Clothes given him, and is in a way of advancement. Therefore all Artificers, as Carpenters, Wheelrights, Joiners, Coopers, Bricklayers, Smiths, or diligent Husbandmen and Laborers, that are willing to advance their fortunes, and live in a most pleasant healthful and fruitful Country, where Artificers are of high esteem, and used with all Civility and Courtesy imaginable… If any Maid or single Woman have a desire to go over, they will thi nk themselves in the Golden Age, when Men paid a Dowry for their Wives; for if they be but Civil, and under 50 years of Age, some honest Man or other, will purchase them for their Wives. Those that desire further advice, or Servants that would be entertain ed, let them repair to Mr. Matthew Wilkinson, Ironmonger, at the Sign of the Three Feathers, in Bishops gate Street, where they may be informed when the Ships will be ready, and what they must carry with them. A.S. Salley, ed., Narratives of Early Caroli na, 1650 – 1708 (New York: 1911), 71 – 73.
Hello I have a Thesis and draft outline to complete. My chosen topic is ‘”Gender Dynamic”. All Primary sources must be used and secondary sources are NOT allowed. The book is called “The American Yawp
Unit 7. Thomas Jefferson’s Racism, 1788 American racism spread during the first decades after the American Revolution. Racial prejudice exi sted for centuries, but the belief that African – descended peoples were inherently and permanently inferior to Anglo – descended peoples developed sometime around the late eighteenth century. Writings such as this piece from Thomas Jefferson fostered faulty s cientific reasoning to justify laws that protected slavery and white supremacy. The first difference which strikes us is that of color. Whether the black of the negro resides in the reticular membrane between the skin and scarf – skin, or in the scarf – skin itself; whether it proceeds from the color of the blood, the color of the bile, or from that of some other secretion, the difference is fixed in nature, and is as real as if its seat and cause were better known to us. And is this difference of no importan ce? Is it not the foundation of a greater or less share of beauty in the two races? Are not the fine mixtures of red and white, the expressions of every passion by greater or less suffusions of color in the one, preferable to that eternal monotony, which r eigns in the countenances, that immoveable veil of black which covers all the emotions of the other race? Add to these, flowing hair, a more elegant symmetry of form, their own judgment in favor of the whites, declared by their preference of them, as unifo rmly as is the preference of the orangutan for the black women over those of his own species. The circumstance of superior beauty, is thought worthy attention in the propagation of our horses, dogs, and other domestic animals; why not in that of man? Besid es those of color, figure, and hair, there are other physical distinctions proving a difference of race. They have less hair on the face and body. They secrete less by the kidneys, and more by the glands of the skin, which gives them a very strong and disa greeable odor. This greater degree of transpiration renders them more tolerant of heat, and less so of cold, than the whites. Perhaps too a difference of structure in the pulmonary apparatus, which a late ingenious experimentalist has discovered to be the principal regulator of animal heat, may have disabled them from extricating, in the act of inspiration, so much of that fluid from the outer air, or obliged them in expiration, to part with more of it. They seem to require less sleep. A black, after hard l abor through the day, will be induced by the slightest amusements to sit up till midnight, or later, though knowing he must be out with the first dawn of the morning. They are at least as brave, and more adventuresome. But this may perhaps proceed from a w ant of forethought, which prevents their seeing a danger till it be present. When present, they do not go through it with more coolness or steadiness than the whites. They are more ardent after their female: but love seems with them to be more an eager des ire, than a tender delicate mixture of sentiment and sensation. Their griefs are transient. Those numberless afflictions, which render it doubtful whether heaven has given life to us in mercy or in wrath, are less felt, and sooner forgotten with them. In g eneral, their existence appears to participate more of sensation than reflection. To this must be ascribed their disposition to sleep when abstracted from their diversions, and unemployed in labor. An animal whose body is at rest, and who does not reflect, must be disposed to sleep of course. Comparing them by their faculties of memory, reason, and imagination, it appears to me, that in memory they are equal to the whites; in reason much inferior, as I think one could scarcely be found capable of tracing an d comprehending the investigations of Euclid; and that in imagination they are dull, tasteless, and anomalous. It would be unfair to follow them to Africa for this investigation. We will consider them here, on the same stage with the whites, and where the facts are not apocryphal on which a judgment is to be formed. It will be right to make great allowances for the difference of condition, of education, of conversation, of the sphere in which they move. Many millions of them have been brought to, and born i n America. Most of them indeed have been confined to tillage, to their own homes, and their own society: yet many have been so situated, that they might have availed themselves of the conversation of their masters; many have been brought up to the handicra ft arts, and from that circumstance have always been associated with the whites. Some have been liberally educated, and all have lived in countries where the arts and sciences are cultivated to a considerable degree, and have had before their eyes samples of the best works from abroad. The Indians, with no advantages of this kind, will often carve figures on their pipes not destitute of design and merit. They will crayon out an animal, a plant, or a country, so as to prove the existence of a germ in their m inds which only wants cultivation. They astonish you with strokes of the most sublime oratory; such as prove their reason and sentiment strong, their imagination glowing and elevated. But never yet could I find that a black had uttered a thought above the level of plain narration; never see even an elementary trait of painting or sculpture. In music they are more generally gifted than the whites with accurate ears for tune and time, and they have been found capable of imagining a small catch. Whether they w ill be equal to the composition of a more extensive run of melody, or of complicated harmony, is yet to be proved. Misery is often the parent of the most affecting touches in poetry. — Among the blacks is misery enough, God knows, but no poetry. Love is th e peculiar oestrum of the poet. Their love is ardent, but it kindles the senses only, not the imagination… … I advance it therefore as a suspicion only, that the blacks, whether originally a distinct race, or made distinct by time and circumstances, are in ferior to the whites in the endowments both of body and mind. It is not against experience to suppose, that different species of the same genus, or varieties of the same species, may possess different qualifications. Will not a lover of natural history the n, one who views the gradations in all the races of animals with the eye of philosophy, excuse an effort to keep those in the department of man as distinct as nature has formed them? This unfortunate difference of color, and perhaps of faculty, is a powerf ul obstacle to the emancipation of these people. Many of their advocates, while they wish to vindicate the liberty of human nature, are anxious also to preserve its dignity and beauty. Some of these, embarrassed by the question `What further is to be done with them?’ Join themselves in opposition with those who are actuated by sordid avarice only. Among the Romans emancipation required but one effort. The slave, when made free, might mix with, without staining the blood of his master. But with us a second i s necessary, unknown to history. When freed, he is to be removed beyond the reach of mixture. Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia (Richmond: 1853), 149 – 152, 155.
Hello I have a Thesis and draft outline to complete. My chosen topic is ‘”Gender Dynamic”. All Primary sources must be used and secondary sources are NOT allowed. The book is called “The American Yawp
Unit 5. Women in South Car olina Experience Occupation, 1780 The British faced the difficult task of fighting a war without pushing more colonists into the hands of the revolutionaries. As a result, the Revolutionary War included little direct attacks on civilians, but that does not mean that civilians did not suffer. The following account from Eliza Wilkinson describes the stress faced by non – combatants who had to face the British army. On the second of June, two men belonging to the enemy, rode up to the house, and asked many questions, saying that Colonel M’Girth and his soldiers might be presently looked for, and that the i nmates could expect no mercy. The family remained in a state of cruel suspense for many hours… I had no time for thought – they were up to the house – entered with drawn swords and pistols in their hands: indeed they rushed in in the most furious manner, crying out, ‘ Where are these women rebels?’ That was the first s alutation! The moment they espied us, off went our caps. (I always heard say none but women pulled caps!) And for what, think you? Why, only to get a paltry stone and wax pin, which kept them on our heads; at the same time uttering the most abusive languag e imaginable, and making as if they would hew us to pieces with their swords. But it is not in my power to describe the scene: it was terrible to the last degree; and what augmented it, they had several armed negroes with them, who threatened and abused us greatly . They then began to plunder the house of every thing they thought valuable or worth taking; our trunks were split to pieces, and each mean, pitiful wretch crammed his bosom with the contents, which were our apparel, &c… This outrage was followed b y a visit from M’Girth’s men, who treated the ladies with more civility; one of them promising to make a report at camp of the usage they had received. It was little consolation, however, to know that the robbers would probably be punished. The others, who professed so much feeling for the fair, were not content without their share of plunder, though more polite in the manner of taking it.” While the British soldiers were talking to us, some of the silent ones withdrew, and presently laid siege to a beehive , which they soon brought to terms. The others perceiving it, cried out, ‘Hand the ladies a plate of honey.’ This was immediately done with officious haste, no doubt thinking they were very generous in treating us with our own. There were a few horses feed ing in the pasture. They had them driven up. ‘Ladies, do either of you own these horses ?’ ‘No; they partly belonged to father and Mr. Smilie!’ ‘Well, ladies, as they are not your property, we will take them! “ ‘ They asked the distance to the other settlem ents; and the females begged that forbearance might be shown to the aged father. He was visited the same day by another body of troops, who abused him and plundered the house. “One came to search mother’s pockets, too, but she resolutely threw his hand asi de. ‘if you must see what’s in my pocket, I’ll show you myself;’ and she took out a threadcase, which had thread, needles, pins, tape, &c. The mean wretch took it from her.” . . . “After drinking all the wine, rum, &c., they could find, and inviting the ne groes they had with them, who were very insolent, to do the same, they went to their horses, and would shake hands with father and mother before their departure. Fine amends, to be sure!” After such unwelcome visitors, it is not surprising that the unprote cted women could not eat or sleep in peace. They lay in their clothes every night, alarmed by the least noise; while the days were spent in anxiety and melancholy… The siege and capitulation of Charleston brought the evils under which the land had groaned, to their height. The hardships endured by those within the beleaguered city – the gloomy resignation of hope – the submission to inevitable misfortune, have been described by abler chroniclers. Elizabeth Ellet, The Women of the American Revolution, Volu me 1 (New York: 1819), 225 – 232.




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