“In 2009 the Department of Homeland Security office of the Inspector General released a report title “FEMA: In or Out?” that tackle the questions surrounding whether FEMA should be a standalone agency or remain a component of DHS (OIG-09-25)” (Haddow et al. 2011, p. 333). In 2005, FEMA was slow to respond after Hurricane Katrina damage the Gulf Coast of the United States, many felt the FEMA failed in their responsibility to assist local, and state governments during their time of needed federal assistance.What most people at that time were not aware of was the guidelines that prohibited FEMA from providing assistance due to the Robert T. Stafford Act. For those FEMA employees whom were working in the impacted area knew there were other reasons that some of the response was delayed, that was due to FEMA being placed under the control of the DHS.During the 2004 hurricanes in Florida was really the first time FEMA was operating under the control of the DHS, and the transitioning of authorities and accountabilities were still taking place. The old shirts that only read “FEMA” embroiled on them were being replace with new shirts with the DHS replacing the FEMA logo. On the ground level, the disaster process continued as in the past, but it was tension around the Disaster Joint Field Office (DJFO) as it was called at that time due to the major change. Most of the experience employees felt that FEMA was better off remaining a separate agency having a direct line to the President.During Hurricane Katrina, many of those same employees were frustrated by the lack of support from DHS, and how it took days in order for some decisions to be made regarding providing assistance to those impacted by this disaster. The discussion questions asked whether or not FEMA should remain in DHS, and Haddock concluded that the “Internal report did state that keeping FEMA within the DHS would strengthen the department due to FEMA’s virtually limitless budget under the provisions of the Stafford Act “(Haddow et al. 2011, p. 333). FEMA should remain within the control of DHS, because it allows the agency to coordinate with other agencies assisting with disasters, and it also allows for the assets, and collaboration FEMA now relishes as a component of DHS, and the significance of avoiding the “Bottleneck” methodology of response and preparedness functions. With every disaster comes a new challenge, and FEMA is continuing to evolve to provide better survivor centric services to those impacted by a disaster, as well as prepositioning resources to quickly engage in the response stage directly after a disaster has passed. With new leadership, comes new ideas, which means DHS, and FEMA will continue to grow together in response and recovery efforts to the residents of this country. ReferenceHaddow, G. D., Bullock, J. A., & Coppola, D. P. (2011). Historical Context of Emergency Management. In Introduction to Emergency Management (Fourth Edition ed., p. 333). Burlington, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann. Bottom of Form Respond by Day 6 Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least one reference….. include intext citations, page numbers or paragraph numbers.Ask a probing question.Share an insight from having read your colleagues posting.Offer and support an opinion.Validate an idea with your own experience.Make a suggestion.Expand on your colleagues posting.




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