Describe why it is important to examine the environmental sectors (The Economic sector, The Political sector; The Technological sector; The Social sector; The Market sector; The Geographic sector; The Supplier sector; The Distributor sector).Environmental scanning entails surveying data and interpreting that data to identify external opportunities and threats. By gathering this information, an organization is better equipped to strategize and implement effective plans to promote the companys well-being. Several factors need to be examined, which are the economy, government, demographics, competitors and even an internal scan. When conducting an environmental scan, the organization should be careful to include a team that has the ability to imagine things that have not yet happened; explore relevant concepts through fluent communications; and, are able to effectively network to find out what is happening among the competition. Environmental scanning also includes choosing creditable sources of information such as the Wall Street Journal or Management Review, publications that deliver current information about the environmental sectors. Additionally, trends in human resource development and how these developments impact an organization should be an integral part of the scanning process. (Dalton, 2011)Environmental scanning in human resources can be very important in aiding the organization in determining trends and future needs. Furthermore, it contributes to the success of a company by 1) comparing what work will probably be done in the future; 2) compare the kind of people who will be doing the work; and 3) compare what the [human resource] department will probably be doing in the future (Rothwell and Kazanas, 2003, p. 182). Another part of the environmental scanning in human resource development is analyzing the workforce. The workforce analysis examines the demographics, skills, competencies, trends, and overall characteristic of the workforce to determine in changes that may be needed. Moreover the human resource environmental scan reveals gaps in current and future organizational needs. Likewise the scan will also be extremely instrumental in helping to set overall institutional goals and priorities.It is important to examine the following environmental sectors in order for the organization to achieve its goals and objectives, and to create a strategic plan that is feasible and effective. 1) The economic sector presents the present status of the business phase and any likely future changes. 2) The political sector presents a current picture of the laws and statues that govern the markets as well as rules governing marketing and product distribution. 3) The technological sector presents the type of tools an organization needs to effectively operate in its industry and the changes predicted. 4) The social sector covers the culture and values brought into the organization by its employees as well its surroundings and how these values will affect the product offered by the organization now and in the future. 5) The market sector is where the organization looks to find out what the competition is doing; where their strengths and weaknesses lie; what are the trend changes for their product and how to gain a competitive edge. 6) The geographic sector has a great deal with how the market is fairing where the company is located and whether the location needs to be changed to gain an edge with the competition. 7) The supplier sector presents availability of supplies, cost, and labor quality; it also presents a snapshot of future human resource needs. 8) The distributor sector presents the challenge of whether the current distribution area is still viable or if the organization should consider a wider range. (Rothwell and Kazanas, 2003)
Dalton, J. G. (2011). The basics of environmental scanning. Association Now.
Rothwell, W. S. & Kazanas, H. C. (2003). Planning and managing human resources. Planning &
managing human resources: Strategic planning for personnel management (2nd ed.). Amherst, MA: Human Resource Development Press, Inc.
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